HARASSMENT AND DISCRIMINATION IS PROHIBITED AT SCHOOL 

You should never feel that it is not safe to come to school and participate in all school 
activities. You should never be prevented from concentrating on your schoolwork because 
another student or a school staff member is teasing you, making fun of you, pushing you 
around, or threatening you in some way, because of your race, color, weight, national origin 
(where your family comes from), ethnic group, religion, religious practices, disability, sexual 
orientation, gender, or sex, or for any other reason. 

A student may not act toward another student in a way that reasonably might make that other 
student feel threatened or unsafe, or that might reasonably make that other student unable to 
concentrate on their school work, because of the other student’s race, color, weight, national 
origin (where their family comes from), ethnic group, religion, religious practices, disability, 
sexual orientation, gender, or sex, or for any other reason. It is against school rules for any 
student or school staff member to do this by physical actions or by verbal statements, 
including electronic messages. This kind of conduct is prohibited on school property, on 
school buses, and at all school-sponsored events.

 

Dignity Act Coordinator (DAC):

 

Superintendent Clark “Skip” Hults

518-582-3341

shults@newcombcsd.org

 



BOE Policy:

Adoption date: May 21, 2012

Policy 0115

 

STUDENT HARASSMENT AND BULLYING PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION

 

The Board of Education is committed to providing an educational and working environment that

promotes respect, dignity and equality. The Board recognizes that discrimination, such as harassment, hazing

and bullying, are detrimental to student learning and achievement. These behaviors interfere with the mission

of the district to educate its students and disrupt the operation of the school. Such behavior affects not only

the students who are its targets but also those individuals who participate in and witness such acts.

To this end, the Board condemns and strictly prohibits all forms of discrimination, such as

harassment, hazing and bullying on school grounds, school buses and at all school-sponsored activities,

programs and events. Discrimination, harassment, hazing or bullying that takes place at locations outside of

school grounds, such as cyberbullying, which creates or can be reasonably expected to create a material and

substantial interference with the requirements of appropriate discipline in the operation of the school or

impinge on the rights of other students are prohibited, and may be subject to disciplinary consequences.

 

Definitions

Bullying, under the amended Dignity for All Students Act, has the same meaning as harassment (see

below). The accompanying regulation provides more guidance regarding the definition and

characteristics of bullying to help the school community recognize the behavior.

 

Cyberbullying is defined as harassment (see below) through any form of electronic communication.

 

Discrimination is the act of denying rights, benefits, justice, equitable treatment or access to facilities

available to all others, to an individual or group of people because of the group, class or category to

which that person belongs (as enumerated in the Definitions section, under Harassment, below).

 

Hazing is an induction, initiation or membership process involving harassment which produces public

humiliation, physical or emotional discomfort, bodily injury or public ridicule or creates a situation

where public humiliation, physical or emotional discomfort, bodily injury or public ridicule is likely

 

Harassment has been defined in various ways in federal and state law and regulation. The Board

recognizes that these definitions are important standards, but the Board’s goal is to prevent

misbehavior from escalating in order to promote a positive school environment and to limit liability.

The Dignity for All Students Act (§§10-18 of Education Law) defines harassment as the creation of a

hostile environment by conduct or by threats, intimidation or abuse, including cyberbullying, that (a)

would have the effect of unreasonably and substantially interfering with a student’s educational

performance, opportunities or benefits, or mental, emotional or physical well-being; (b) reasonably

causes or would reasonably be expected to cause a student to fear for his or her physical safety; (c)

reasonably causes or would reasonably be expected to cause physical injury or emotional harm to a

student; or (d) occurs off school property and creates or would foreseeably create a risk of substantial

disruption within the school environment, where it is foreseeable that the conduct, threats,

intimidation or abuse might reach school property. The harassing behavior may be based on any

characteristic, including but not limited to a person’s actual or perceived:

 

  • race,
  • color,
  • weight,
  • national origin,
  • ethnic group,
  • religion,
  • religious practice,
  • disability,
  • sex,
  • sexual orientation, or
  • gender (including gender identity and expression).

 

For the purpose of this definition the term “threats, intimidation or abuse” shall include verbal and non-
verbal actions. In some instances, bullying or harassment may constitute a violation of an individual’s civil rights. The

district is mindful of its responsibilities under the law and in accordance with district policy regarding civil

In order to streamline the wording of this policy and regulation the term bullying will be used

throughout to encompass harassment, intimidation, cyberbullying and hazing behaviors.

 

Prevention

The school setting provides an opportunity to teach children, and emphasize among staff, that

cooperation with and respect for others is a key district value. A program geared to prevention is designed to

not only decrease incidents of bullying but to help students build more supportive relationships with one

another by integrating the bullying prevention program into classroom instruction. Staff members and

students will be sensitized, through district-wide professional development and instruction, to the warning signs of bullying, as well as to their responsibility to become actively involved in the prevention of bullying before overt acts occur.

 

Curricular material that raises awareness and sensitivity to discrimination or harassment and civility

in the relationships of people of different races, weights, national origins, ethnic groups, religions, religious

practices, mental or physical abilities, sexual orientations, sexes or gender expression or identities will be

included in the instructional program K-12.

 

In order to implement this program the Board will designate at its annual organizational meeting a

Dignity Act Coordinator (DAC) for each school in the district. One of the DAC’s will be designated as the

district-wide coordinator whose responsibilities are described in the accompanying regulation. The role of

each DAC is to oversee and enforce this policy in the school to which they are assigned.

 

In addition, the Superintendent will establish a district-wide Dignity Act Committee in each school

that will be overseen by the district-wide DAC. Committees will include representation from staff,

administration, students and parents. The district-wide task force and the school-level committee will assist

the administration in developing and implementing specific prevention initiatives, including early

identification of bullying and other strategies. In addition, the program will include reporting, investigating,

remedying and tracking allegations of bullying. The accompanying regulation provides more detail on the

specific programs and strategies implemented by the district.

 

Intervention

Intervention by adults and bystanders is an important step in preventing escalation and resolving

issues at the earliest stages. Intervention will emphasize education and skill-building.

Successful intervention may involve remediation. Remedial responses to bullying include measures

designed to correct the problem behavior, prevent another occurrence of the behavior and protect the target.

Remediation may be targeted to the individual(s) involved in the bullying behavior or environmental

approaches which are targeted to the school or district as a whole.

 

In addition, intervention will focus upon the safety of the target. Staff is expected, when aware of

bullying, to report it in accordance with this policy, refer the student to designated resources for assistance,

or to intervene in accordance with this policy and regulation.

 

Provisions for students who do not feel safe at school

The Board acknowledges that, notwithstanding actions taken by district staff, intervention may

require a specific coordinated approach if the child does not feel safe at school. Students who do not feel

safe at school are limited in their capacity to learn and reach their academic potential. Staff, when aware of

bullying, should determine if accommodations are needed in order to help ensure the safety of the student

and bring this to the attention of the District and/or building DACs. The DACs, other appropriate staff, the

student and the student’s parent will work together to define and implement any needed accommodations.

 

The district recognizes that there is a need to balance accommodations which enhance student safety

against the potential to further stigmatize the targeted student. Therefore, each case will be handled

individually. The student, parent/guardian, and school administration will collaborate to establish safety

provisions that best meet the needs of the targeted student. Follow-up discussion and/or meetings will

be scheduled, as needed, to ensure that safety concerns have been adequately addressed and to determine

when and if accommodations need to be changed or discontinued.

 

Incident Reporting and Investigation

Although it can be difficult to step forward, the district can’t effectively address bullying if incidents

are not reported. Students who have been bullied, parents whose children have been bullied or other students

who observe bullying behavior are encouraged and expected to make a verbal and/or written complaint to

any school personnel in accordance with the training and guidelines provided. Staff who observe or learn of

incident(s) of bullying are required, in accordance with State law, to make an oral report to District an/or

building DACs within one school day and to fill out the district reporting form within two school days. If a

staff person is unsure of the reporting procedure, he/she is expected to inquire about how to proceed by

speaking with his/her supervisor. A district employee may be deemed to have permitted unlawful

discrimination or harassment if he/she fails to report an observed incident, whether or not the target

 

At all times, complaints will be documented, tracked and handled in accordance with the regulations

and procedures accompanying this policy, or, if applicable, [0100, Equal Opportunity and

Nondiscrimination, or 0110, Sexual Harassment] and the district’s Code of Conduct.. The Building DAC

will prepare a quarterly report for the Superintendent based on complaints filed.

 

An equitable and thorough investigation will be carried out by the appropriate DAC, depending on

complaint, in accordance with the accompanying regulation. In addition, the results of the investigation shall

be reported back to both the target and the accused as specified in the accompanying regulation. If either of

the parties disagrees with the results of the investigation, they can appeal the findings in accordance with the

regulations that accompany this policy. Verified bullying incidents that meet the criteria established by the

state will be included in the statewide reporting system when applicable, in accordance with law and regulation.

 

The Board will receive the annual VADIR report, as well as any other state-required report relevant

to bullying and/or school climate, for each building and for the district as whole. Based on the review of

the data, the Board may consider further action, including but not limited to modification of this policy and additional training.

 

Disciplinary Consequences/Remediation

While the focus of this policy is on prevention, acts of bullying may still occur. In these cases,

offenders will be given the clear message that their actions are wrong and the behavior must improve.

Student offenders will receive in-school guidance in making positive choices in their relationships with

others. If appropriate, disciplinary action that is measured, balanced and age-appropriate will be taken by the

administration in accordance with the district’s Code of Conduct, as applicable. If the behavior rises to the

level of criminal activity, law enforcement will be contacted.

 

Consequences for a student who commits an act of bullying shall be unique to the individual incident

and will vary in method and severity according to the nature of the behavior, the developmental age of the

student, and the student’s history of problem behaviors, and must be consistent with the district’s Code of Conduct.

 

Non-Retaliation

All complainants and those who participate in the investigation of a complaint in conformity with

state law and district policies, who have acted reasonably and in good faith, have the right to be free from retaliation of any kind.

 

Training

The Board recognizes that in order to implement an effective bullying prevention and intervention

program, professional development is needed. The Superintendent, the districtwide DAC and the District

Professional Development Team will incorporate training to support this program in new teacher orientation

and the annual professional development plan, as needed. Training opportunities will be provided for all

staff, including but not limited to bus drivers, cafeteria and hall monitors and all staff who have contact with

The DACs will be trained in accordance with state requirements and will continue their professional

development so as to successfully support this policy and program.

 

Dissemination, Monitoring and Review

This policy, or a plain language summary, shall be published in student registration materials,

student, parent and employee handbooks, and posted on the district’s website. A bullying complaint form

will be available on the district’s website. The district will ensure that the process of reporting bullying is

clearly explained to students, staff and parents on an annual basis.

Each year, as part of the annual review of the Code of Conduct, this policy will be reviewed to assess

its effectiveness and compliance with state and federal law. If changes are needed, revisions will be

recommended to the Board for its consideration.

 

The district will ensure that reporting of information to the public in conjunction with this policy will

be in a manner that complies with student privacy rights under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

 

 

Cross-ref: 0100, Equal Opportunity and Nondiscrimination

0110, Sexual Harassment

4321, Programs for Students with Disabilities

5300, Code of Conduct

5710. Violent and Disruptive Incident Reporting

9700, Staff Development

Ref: Dignity for All Students Act, Education Law, §10 – 18

Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. §12101 et seq.

Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. §2000d et seq.

Title VII, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. §2000e et seq.; 34 CFR §100 et seq.

Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq.

29

 

§504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. §794

Individuals with Disabilities Education Law, 20 U.S.C §§1400 et seq.

Executive Law §290 et seq. (New York State Human Rights Law)

Education Law §§313(3), 3201, 3201-a

8 NYCRR 100.2(c), (l), (jj), (kk); 119.6

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School Dist., 393 US 503, (1969)

Doninger v. Niehoff, 527 F.3d 41 (2d. Cir. 2008)

Pollnow v. Glennon, 594 F.Sup. 220, 224 aff’d 757 F.2d. 496

Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education, 526 U.S. 629 (1999)

Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District, 524 U.S, 274 (1998)

Faragher v. City of Boca Raton, 524 U.S. 775 (1998)

Burlington Industries v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742 (1998)

Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., 523 U.S. 75 (1998)

Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools, 503 U.S. 60 (1992)

Meritor Savings Bank, FSB v. Vinson, 477 U.S. 57 (1986)

Appeal of K.S. 43 Ed. Dept. Rep. 492

Appeal of Ravick 40 Ed. Dept. Rep. 262

Appeal of Orman 39 Ed. Dept. Rep. 811